zonnewende in DEN HAAG
CENTRUM EMMA ceremonies begin om 04, 00 uur
Op 21 juni a.s. zal een besloten bijeenkomst plaatsvinden voor genodigden. Dan wordt een ceremonie gehouden ter ere van de zonnewende drank & maaltijd uit Peru ,
CEREMONIE bij de vuur
LANGSTE DAG 2017 IS OP 21 JUNI, IS DE TIJD TUSSEN ZONSOPKOMST EN ONDERGANG MAAR LIEFST 04,00 UUR EN 30 MINUTEN.
De langste dag betekent dus de tijd die tussen zonsopkomst en zonsondergang is. Meestal is dit op 21 juni, en de langste dag 2017 valt ook op die datum. Omdat de aarde niet een perfecte cirkel om de zon draait betekent dit echter niet dat op deze datum de zon het vroegst en het laatst onder gaat. Op de de langste dag van het jaar zijn traditioneel ook veel bruiloften en andere feesten. In Scandinavië zijn er vele feesten van het de middernachtzon, ook bekend als Midzomerfeest. De langste dag is altijd vrij lastig te bepalen. De dag dat de zon het vroegst op komt en de dag dat de zon het laatst onder gaat valt niet op dezelfde datum. In 2017 is de vroegste zonsopkomst op 17 juni en de laatste zonsondergang 24 juni. De langste dag licht daar tussen. Echter in Nederland is op 21 juni om 04.24 uur de zonnewende. De zon staat dan recht op de aarde, het wordt dan op de noordpoolcirkel niet donker.
VOOR DE INKAS
|To sun-worshiping Incas, the rite of Inti Raymi, a tribute to the Sun God Apu Inti Tayta, doubtless|
marked the most important date on their calendar. The winter solstice represented both the beginning of a new cycle and the return of the source of life to the Andes.
A re-enactment of this solstice celebration takes place every year on June 24 in historic Cusco, the ancient hub of the Inca's vast empire. More than 150,000 colorfully clad natives and tourists assemble in the morning at the fabled Coricancha, or Sun Temple, where the Inca (a local resident designated to play the part) delivers an invocation of praise to Father Sun. Next, the royal entourage moves to the city's main plaza, formerly the Incas' great civic square. After a ceremonial reading of the sacred coca leaf to divine the future of the empire, the Inca proceeds to the massive stone walls and zigzagging ramparts of Sacsayhuaman, a cultural treasure situated on a hilltop outside of town.
With its commanding view, the ruined fortress remains one of the most astonishing megaliths of the ancient world - a single rock battlement is estimated to weigh more that 300 tons. On this occasion, the age-old stronghold is again transformed into the focus of Incan spiritual life.
Dressed in full regalia, the honorary Inca delivers his orations Quechua, the native tongue that is still spoken in Andean highlands. On Sacsayhuaman's broad plaza, a fire is rekindled and a llama ritually "sacrificed" - staged out of consideration for tourists. Sounds of panpipes, drums and blaring horns fill the air. Traditional dancers representing the four corners of the empire dazzle the eye with riotous flashes of red and gold.
After the Spanish conquest, Inti Raymi was changed to coincide with the Catholic feast of St. John the Baptist. The modern re-creation, based on colonial accounts of the sacred rite, began in the 1940s as a way for Andeans to recapture the spirit and values of their ancestors. Today, Inti Raymi is one of the largest pageants in South America, and a source of great cultural pride to Peruvians.The formal spectacle lasts just four or five hours, but for an entire week Cusco radiates renewed life and energy which recalls the glories of its Incan past. Southwind Adventures has been designing trips around the Inti Raymi experience for over 20 years. Discover why Inti Raymi with Southwind is listed in New York Times Bestseller 1,000 Places to See Before Qhápac Raymi HUAYLIA 21 DECEMBER 2014 Celebration of Capac Raymi, according to GUAMAN POMA Capac Raymi (in QUECHUA Qhapaq Raymi) was a pre-Hispanic religious festival in honour of the sun, that took place in the month of December and where animal sacrifices were made, people drank chicha, chewed coca and danced. It corresponds to the first month of the Inca calendar. Inca festivities http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EsdwX6UC8Dc On this day people would gather the ashes of the sacrifices and throw them into the rivers to be taken to the sea, to VIRACOCHA, as the return of all to its author. The date coincides with the winter solstice, which is celebrated around the world, a festival that the Catholic world knows as the birth of CHRIST. Given its civil and religious solemnity, no outsiders were allowed to stay in Cusco while the ceremonies took place. They settled outside of town, according to their origin, along the roads leading out of it to the four suyus. Each one of the orejones led those children who were to be initiated into Coricancha. Then, at the temple square, they took out the images of the Sun and the embalmed bodies of the Incas to drink with them as if they were alive, and the new "gentlemen" invoked their aid to be as brave and fortunate as them. Different views from some of the cultures that belong to Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7gdo68i9tk And each region has their own way to conserve one of the most important celebrations related to the star sun, god of the ancient peoples. Its movements apparently did not go unnoticed by the American people, especially those found in the equatorial Andes, given the importance of this event to our ancestors. This festival and others held throughout the year are related to what the ancient peoples know as the astral cycle. ASTRAL CYCLE The astral cycle relates to the flow of the stars in human society, in ritual practice, in mathematical knowledge, astronomy of the cultures, in the male and female dimension, on the influence thereof on nature, the creation of myths regarding the moon, the sun, the stars. Due to the rotation of the earth the sun rises in different places at the Cayambe: when the equinox occurs on March 21, the sun rises in the middle of the Cayambe, or at the exact equator; when the solstice occurs on 21 June, the sun rises on the north side of the Cayambe; when the equinox occurs on September 21, the sun rises in the middle of the Cayambe; when the solstice occurs on December 21, the sun rises to the south of the Cayambe. The beginning of the solar calendar starts from March 21 and lasts exactly 365 days. Just as the sun affects living things, the moon affects their life cycle as well. There are times to sow, to harvest, to wash, to bathe, to perform rituals, to heal, to celebrate. For centuries the moon has been an influential star to human beings and their relationship with the natural environment, from the llullu killa to hunta killa. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BjFgnmH2NXM Kapac Raymi Festival Kapac Raymi or Mayor festival is celebrated in the Andes, in the principal huacas or the common and general shrines of each nation, people or faction, each December 21. At that date the summer solstice takes place in the southern hemisphere, when the sun is at the farthest point of the solar ecliptic with respect to Ecuador, that is to say, at the Tropic of Capricorn. Cause and Time of Event Before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores to the Andes, the festivals were one of the key components in the life and worldview of native societies. Often associated with the production cycle, especially during planting and harvest, to the natives the festivals were true rites of integration of man and nature, and of the communities with their gods. For the determination of agricultural cycles and special days of religious festivities, the Incas and other ethnic groups in the Andean area developed an annual calendar of 12 months and 360 days. The measuring of time was done with certain instruments, valid and accurate, consisting of 12 pillars placed at a certain distance and position. Each month was indicated by one of the pillars or posts according to the appearance, the direction and the setting of the sun. The pillars were called succanga and through them economic activities and festivals of the religious system were planned. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=imBJTFGRDLw What do we celebrate: Kapak Raymi or Christmas? This article was written for La Recuperación de Nuestros Valores de Intentidad, Cultura y Religiosidad by Ivan Ignacio of the Consejo Andino De Naciones Originarias. The violent European invasion of our continent Abya-Yala was followed by a series of changes imposed by force on our peoples at a cultural, political, religious, economic, military, legal, etc. level. These changes occurred in different ways and processes, from the most subtle to the most abrupt and turbulent. Unsurprisingly one of them took place in the religious plane, whose representatives justified their crimes against religion by the Holy Inquisition, which resulted in the spiritual colonization of our ancestors. The expansion of Western religion took the form of sects as internal conflicts in the Catholic Church and the chaos among Christian officials irremediably intensified. It is in this process that for example the blatant replacement of our festivals, rituals and religious ceremonies, with other names associated with the dominant religion, other ceremonial elements, other concepts and world views, were engraved, trying to adapt and subtly match the most important dates of the Andean festivals on behalf of an alleged religious syncretism. And from this hybrid mixture emerged new rituals, new symbols, new beliefs, etc. which in truth are but grotesque caricatures of our true spiritual and religious traditions, the same ones that are also practised largely by the Catholic Church on the creole-mestizo population living mainly in urban centres where the invasion had more influence. Despite all of this, as time passed and in accordance with the Andean tradition and oral transmission, we find that in many of our native communities we have preserved intact the pure seed of our religiosity, ready to again take root, germinate and sprout as corn from the earth. This in order to show what in our Andean world essentially represents the reason for our faith, our hope and our joy. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RIiQfh9NKR0 In our sacred Andes there are four important moments in the life cycle of maize as essential reference, which are scientifically established fixed points in time called equinoxes and solstices, during the course of a year, the time in which our planet revolves a complete circle around the sun. Among these solstices we distinguish between our celebrations of Inti Raymi and Kapak Raymi, festivities that our ancestors used to celebrate on June 21 and December 21 of each year, the dates on which the sun reaches its greatest distance away from the equatorial centre of the earth, also referred to as the Inti-ñan or Inti-guatana, which means ceremony for the protection of Father Sun, Tata Inti, to avoid that this supreme deity gets too far away from our planet and, conversely, allows germination and ripening of the fruits born of our Mother Earth, Pachamama, another of our supreme divinities. Our sages Amawtas and Achachilas of the Andes taught us to worship Mother Earth, because she is an inexhaustible source of life, that provides us with food, with the means to protect ourselves from natural disasters, with the pleasure of living with our fellowmen, with mother nature and other living beings that inhabit our planet. According to the nature of our worldview, the September equinox symbolizes planting time, the time in which the earth shows her maximum purity and fertility, time in which she shows herself naked, virgin, with her distinctive colour and aroma, ready to receive the seed. It is the festival of Kuya Raymi, dedicated to the appreciation of the earth and at the same time to the worship of femininity (woman) because it is she who gives life to the universe. This celebration has been replaced with the festival of the Virgin Mary by the European invasion. With the passing of the days, weeks and months, the seed sown is constantly fed and protected by its mother, the earth, and deep inside, that little seed undergoes a great transformation, the transition from death to life, the seed is transformed and becomes a living plant, is the time when we celebrate the rebirth from death to life, now commonly celebrated as All Souls Day. So now when the earth has the sun at its extreme right end, or geographically, to the South Pole, an another solstice takes place, the one of December 21. By this time, the seed has sprouted from the womb, and now is a plant, tiny and full of life. The eyes of our grandfathers and grandmothers clearly express the joy they feel for its beauty, its kindness, its strength. This moment and view was called Kapak Inti Raymi by the sages and Amawtas, because the sun's influence, combined with that of the entire cosmos, renews life through the seeds planted in the virgin womb of the Earth. These tender seedlings are compared to the arrival of the child that is expected, and then lulled in the arms of its parents. Like our children, playful, smiling and cheerful, small plants come to populate the earth and they will provide fruit, safety and welfare for the next generation. The ritual of Kapak Raymi or the great festival of new life, was originally celebrated more majestically than in modern times. As it was a festival dedicated to the continuation of life, it was explicitly dedicated to new generations, children and youth, who after the great ritual became alive, active members of society itself. IS HUAYLIA CHRISTMAS OR QHAPAQ RAYMI? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SirfG0-AlYA Que selebramos a que le cantamos huaylia y bailamos huaylia Es tiempo de preguntarnos y analisar de Corazon y no de orgullo O capricho mi consepto propio como poco conosedor de la materia Es lo siguiente : Es una selebracion 100% incaica y esta dedicado al solisticio del inbierno Que es el mes de qhapaq raymi (dicienbre) la fecha es aproximadamente El 21 o en otras tiempos pude variar uno o dos dias de acuerdo al movimiento del padre sol el tayta inti y como es la fiesta del amaneser de la nueva vida Le cantabamos ala huaylla al maiz naciente llamado tanvien mayuay pidiendo ala henerguia cosmica que son la pachamama,tayta inti, mamaqocha que nos de unos frutos grandes como la huaylla (el major fruto de la tierra) Como desendiente de esta gran cultura no solo tengo el orgullo, sino tenemos La resposablidad de continuar y selebrar cada ves mas profundo y respetuoso al rescate de la costunbre anstral. Para cristalisar esta mandato del Corazon ansetral este anjo nos toca ami y mi famila Horganisar el cargo de haylia qhapaq Raymi en el cusco donde esun honor y una gran resposabilidad Para mi famila y mis compoblanos demostrar que el qhapaq raymi no se a perdido se sigue cantando y baylado como la hepoca incaica solo con otros disfrases supongo que nuetros abuelos tuvieron que modificar las vestimentas para poder camuflar del caudillo colono ya ellos proivieron todo en hesa hepoca hoy nos vestimos con mascaras de cara espanjolas y otras pueblos botas espanjolas panjolones de seda ,ala hora de estar difrasado no podemos utilisar nustra bos normales esta claro hera por temer miedo haser reconocidos Y le cantamos al nino jesus comensamos con una misa en la iglesia Pero siento en lo profundo que siempre hemos adorado a nuestro huaylla el agradecimiento al qhapaq Raymi anustro gran viraqocha Otro detalle la dansa en totora sienpre se biyla con tres repikes y el final tambien tiene que ser tres pasos esto esto coenside con mi teoria de los tres elementos que es tierra,agua,y sol ya que son estos elementos en su devida proporcion son los Fuentes generadoras de nuestra vida. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nepCxrNiMvk